Mail & Guardian
On Thursday, Cosatu's chemical and energy union, Ceppawu, and the General Industries Workers' Union said more than 70 000 of their members in the petroleum, pharmaceuticals, glass, industrial chemicals and tissue industries would down tools to demand better salaries.
The strike is likely to have a negative impact on the country's economy, as petrol supply countrywide is expected to be affected.
The unions want a salary increase of more than 10% and a minimum wage of R6 000. They are also demanding the introduction of one bargaining council in the industry, which currently has five. Employers are offering an increase of between 6% and 7%.
The chemical industry strike comes a week after more than 170 000 metal and engineering workers embarked on an indefinite strike, which started on Monday. The strike by the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (Numsa) has been marred by widespread reports of intimidation and violence, particularly in the Western Cape and Gauteng. But Numsa general secretary Irvin Jim has accused police of using excessive force when dealing with striking workers.
"The usage of state apparatus, particularly police, through excessive force and cowardly arrests, to silence popular dissent and brutalise workers is reminiscent of the old apartheid police-style tactics to stagnate popular class struggles geared towards challenging the hegemony of the ruling class," said Jim.
Numsa is demanding a 13% wage increase; employers are offering 7%. The high salary demands, particularly by Cosatu-affiliated unions, are in line with the federation's central committee resolution taken last week to intensify its "living wage" campaign.
According to a Cosatu booklet, a living wage is enough to cover a certain quality and quantity of housing, food, utilities, transport, healthcare and recreation. The federation believes its campaign would significantly reduce the salary gap between the poor and the rich.
Cosatu president Sdumo Dlamini told delegates at Cosatu's central committee meeting last week that workers should not be afraid to push for higher salaries.